Transitional Healing

Facilitating Life’s Transitions

Craniosacral Therapy for reducing Scar Tissue Pain

Posted by Michael on March 13, 2007

The body has the ability to heal itself after surgery.  The body produces connective tissue, adhesions and collagen, to replace the damaged compromised tissue from the result of an incision to the skin. This natural phenomenon causes the formation of scar tissue.  Scar tissue replaces damaged cells at the site of the incision or injury.  Skin scar tissue is different than deep fascial scar tissue.  Skin scar tissue lacks in pigmentation and hair follicles.  Deep scar tissue in the fascial layers of the body develops adhesions or spider like web threads to help the body heal and recover.

There can be a potential problem in the development of scar tissue. The problem lies when scar tissue and adhesions go unchecked over the years.  The scar tissue and adhesions start attaching themselves to bones, arteries, veins, nerves, and organs.  This phenomenon alone can cause dysfunction in the homeostasis of the body and possibly manifest into further complications in our body’s internal health as we age.  In addition I have witnessed in my practice patient’s scar tissue developing over periods of time causing spinal curvature (scoliosis), rotated hips manifesting in sciatic pain and lower extremity discomfort, shoulder displacement causing rotator cuff problems, and cervical or neck problems manifesting in a variety of neck and headache pain.  Scar tissue can and will cause loss of range of motion making simple job and home activities difficult to perform.   In addition there have been preliminary studies showing that manual therapies such as Craniosacral therapy can relive the discomforts and problematic symptoms in the Ureogential region after “C” section deliveries.  One of the most profound areas of relief from scar tissue is a patient who has had open-heart surgery.  I myself have recovered from open-heart surgery.  I receive scar and adhesion therapy once a month for the last 10 years.  My primary care doctor concurs that the manual therapy I receive keeps my body anatomically correct, allows my body full range of motion without pain and discomfort in the soft tissue.

Over many years in my practice I have found that Craniosacral therapy has had a profound positive effect on relieving the discomfort of scar tissue formed in the body. In addition Craniosacral therapy has afforded my patients/clients increased range of motion, the reduction of adhesions and pain in the sub acute stage after a surgical procedure.

Advertisements

83 Responses to “Craniosacral Therapy for reducing Scar Tissue Pain”

  1. Frances said

    Hi Michael,

    I had ovarian cysts removed from both ovaries in 2005, and in Feb 2007 had a total hysterectomy. Since my first surgery I have felt pain in my lower left side, which I thought was endometriosis, but I continued to have it after the hysterectomy. The surgeon removed my uterus and left ovary from my lower left colon.

    It feels like scar tissue because it hurts primarily when food is passing through the bowel. What do you recommend? Do you know anyone in Maui, Hawaii who can work with me?

    I really dread this and want to avoid further surgery! Thank you!

  2. Mrs N Pietersen said

    Hi
    I want to enquire about scare tissue growth to the colon, the bladder after surgery,I have to endure alot of pain and inflamation of the bladder – what can I do my gyn. has surggested anti-inflamatory treatment what do you recommend, I have had surgery twice to correct and elivate the pain but dont wantr to go this route again what do you recommend – I cant remain on antibiotics all the time as this weakens my system.

    PLEASE HELP.

  3. Angela said

    Information forwarded from Michael:

    Frances,

    I have worked on many people in the past with your similar symptoms. It is my policy to always tell clients to check with their doctor first. Surgery in my opinion should be the last resort after one has exausted all other avenues. Go on line to AMTA (American Massage Therapy Association) and click on find a therapist in your area. Look for an individual who practices Myofascial Release and Craniosacral Therapy. I would interview as many therapists until you find one that resonates with you. If you would like help you can always email me back and we can discuss what you have found. Good Luck!

    Live Well!

    Michael

  4. Angela said

    (information dictated from Michael)

    Mrs. Pietersen,

    Thank you for your questions. I am sorry that you have symptoms and pain after your surgeries. Inflammation is one way the body tells you that something is not right. Although inflammation can be disruptive to your body, it may be that your body is disappating toxins and attempting to reach homeostasis or balance. The body has an incredible inert quality to help disappate areas of confusion.

    If you have scar tissue from your previous surgeries, it is very possible that a local craniosacral / myofascial therapist could help you relieve symptoms. I would look for referrals or certified therapists in your area. As always, it is a good practice to coordinate any treatment with your physician. Unfortunately, surgery is sometimes prescribed to reduce scar tissue, however it also presents the potential for additioinal scar tissue as a result. It is important to fully discuss the risks and benefits before making such a decision.

    Live well,

    Michael

  5. Eli Rector said

    I have suffered from chronic neck pain since 1989, when a surfing accident caused a 1″ deep scar in my cervical region. I have tried just about every therapy out there, from physical to rolphing, chiropractic to cranial sacral.

    I believe that scar tissue build-up is the main source of my discomfort.

    The research on cranio-sacral therapy is extremely dicouraging. This study here: () basically demonstrates that practitioners, believing they are somehow manipulating the body’s “rhythms”, are full of BS. They may believe it themselves, but they are deluded.

    There is no science behind the idea that these subtle movements of the bones can put the body into “harmony”. There is evidence that spinal manipulation may have some benefits, but this has nothing to do with “rhythms”. Scar tissue is a physical substance, which most likely will only be affected by simple stretching or massage.

    I’ve written all this because of the frustration I’ve felt over the years with “alternative” medicine. It has costed me hundreds of dollars and never once been able to explain the exact process by which it’s supposed “healing” takes place. Imo much of it is new aged, faith-based hocus-pocus. The inventor of CST, Dr. Sutherland

    Physical, chronic pain is emotionally traumatic. When you offer people false hopes based on unscientific, anecdotal evidence, you run the risk of compounding their already fragile sense of emotional well-being and confidence.

    All medicine is not equal. The body is an incredibly complex organism, which people spend years and years studying decades upon decades of research, usually only in very specific areas. So at the very least, when faced with the desperation of seemingly intractable illness, the number one concern ought to be practical realism and honesty, not misguided false confidence.

  6. Angela said

    Eli,

    We are so sorry that you have not been able to find relief. The emotional and physical tole this must have taken on your life show the apparent pain in your post. We are so sorry to hear that you have not had good experiences with alternative modalities and wish you the very best.

    Eli brings up an excellent point that the body is an incredibly complex ogranism, with more and more research being done in the areas of alternative medicine. Some research is showing incredible results and some is showing little or no results. In our own research and decades of studying and practicing we have fortunately been blessed with many individuals who have responded very well to craniosacral therapy, myofascial therapy, structural rehabilitation and massage. Of course different modalities and therapists work resonate with different clients and We have had some clients who have chosen other methods of treatment and we wish them all well.

    Whatever your situation, it is always important to follow your own intuition and find a therapy and therapist that resonates with you. In our years of practice we have found that the more a client is able to tune into their own bodies and identify the best modality of treatment for themselves, the more profound the results. Dr. Bernie Seigal, a gifted onocologist talks about this resonance of treatment in his wonderful book, Love, Medicine and Miracles – in fact he uses test to help clients identify therapies that resonate for best results in cancer treatment. For some clients craniosacral therapy is what resonates, for others it may be western medicine and medications, for others it may be stretching and myofascial, or acupuncture, or massage. We wish you well in finding what resonates with you and following your guidance and finding a good and ethical practitioner in whatever area you choose.

    Many Blessings,
    *Angela

  7. Ellen said

    I had mesh to reconstruct my vaginal and rectum walls ,I went in for a surgery june 2006 ,had a blood clot 3 months later was back in the hospital 41/2 months later the mesh and scar tissue feels like a concrete wall and feels like it is destroyiny my rectum I have not been able to sit on my butt since my first surgery it’s very painful and my butt bones are affected I have lots of swelling april 2007 I had a hole open up just pass my rectum and then in may I was in the hospital for my heart I believe this is do to anxiety I am now going to a doc and getting trigger injections I will be having the mesh removed in august I am truly scared they will possibily have to dislocate my colon to get the mesh out can you give me some input I have had nothing but complactions since I had mesh put in my body would not heal the first 4 months after my 1st surgery etc is someone at fault for this is it the product or the procedure I had I’m not sure if I should take steps because of my health and all the problems I have had it has beem 1 year and 1 month please help me

  8. Angela said

    Ellen,

    I am so sorry to hear of your pain and struggles. From your descriptions, it sounds like you are not getting the answers and support that you would like from your current team. If that were the case for me I would look for a reputable doctor for a second opinion.

    I wish you the very best in finding a team that resonates with you and that can help you through this very challenging process.
    Blessings,
    *Angela

  9. Miriam said

    Hi,
    I have a 12 year old daughter that had open heart surgery when she was two. When she was going through her growing pains (9-10 yrs old) she would get some scar tissue pain around her scar on her chest but it wouldn’t last very long and was usually minor pain with some cramping. Now that she is twelve she has started to feel this pain again but it is more persistant and can last for hours. She never received any of the therapy you talk about in the article, nor were we ever told it was available. Would this be something I could now pursue for her and how much would it help? She is so young that I worry about her having chronic pain when she is older, something we can try and prevent now. Your feedback is appreciated. Thank You

  10. Ellen said

    Angela, I know you might not want to answer this question but if this were you would you seek a lawyer for malpractice I just feel someone is at fault for all my pain and suffering also my job I took a year off and had to go back to keep my medical benifits even though I am in pain and not healthy I could not walk right for 9 months I am better on my feet than my butt although I swell every day and have much discomfort I have never had a law suit but I feel I was a ginny pig for this procedure I was told it was a year and a half new when I had my first operation and the Doc I am seeing said it is a year and a half new now what is your thought thank you Ellen

  11. Angela said

    Miriam,

    Thank you for your note. Michael and I will keep you and your family in our thoughts and prayers. Our experience has been that scar tissue from a major surgery such as your daughters does indeed benefit from being kept supple. Stretching is our favorite way of keeping the lesions to a minimum and the scar tissue supple – for us this is through myofascial release. If we were in your shoes, we could look for a qualified myofascial and possibly craniosacral therapist in your area.

    Many blessings to you and your daughter.
    *Angela

  12. Angela said

    Ellen,

    Again, my best wishes to you. You are asking questions that are far from my area of expertise. I can only recommend that you follow your own inner guidance in this process. I will keep you in my thoughts and prayers.

  13. Ellen said

    thank you Ellen

  14. Susann Fiske said

    Dear Micheal,

    After 3 pregnancies and years of neglecting my body. I finally took control of my health. Through diet and exercise I maintained the healthy body that I had always longed for. In March 2007 I found a small bump that turned out to be an inguinal hernia. It was repaired using mesh, 1 week later the mesh was removed. The hernia was then repaired the old fashion way. My surgeon said that he did not worry about my getting another hernia.

    However, I am still in pain. I am told it is scar tissue. It is extremly bothersome since I have never had to deal with any pain other than child birth. I have since cut way back on my workouts because I just don’t feel right. My body is responding, and is not looking like I want it to look. I just want to feel normal again. It is weighing heavy on my self-esteem. Help!! Please!! Any suggestions are appreciated!!

    Sincerely,
    Susann

  15. Marissa said

    When I was 10 years old I had open heart surgery because the doctor found holes in my heart. They went in under my right breast and conducted the surgery. I have not had regular check ups since then, except for going to the doctors for various things. There has been a numb feeling behind my right armpit since the surgery.

    I am 20 years old now and for the past year or two I have experienced on and off breast numbness and pain among other symptoms which I don’t believe are relevant to the scar tissue so I won’t mention them all here, but I do want to thank you for this article. I was researching scar tissue online because I have been experiencing heart palpitations when I lay down to sleep at night and I have inflamed lumps (chest area) where the wires/tubes would have gone in the surgery. I do believe that scar tissue therapy may be the answer for me and your article connected all of the dots.

    I have had scoliosis/slight cyphosis since I was a child and I often feel the need to go to the chiropractor.

    I am going to get an opinion from the doctor I am seeing now and the one I had when I was a child, but I would also appreciate your opinion on weather you think craniosacral therapy could be my answer.

    Thankyou very much,
    marissa

  16. Amy said

    Hi. I had my first c-section 6 1/2 yrs ago, and my second one was 2 1/2 years ago. I am 4 ft 11 and was lbs when I got pregment with my first chiticld, so it was a big shock to my Dr. when my 1st one got infected (he explained that there was no reason for it to occur, and I was given antibiotic – I loved my Dr., and he watched me carefully and as a result no further surgery was required after the infection 6 1/2 years ago). My problem is I work out, and eat right, however I can not get rid of the c-section hump of I guess scar tissue. I also have lower back pain that is not chronic, but a pain. I also have mild scoliosis (s/p ?). Do you have any thoughts, suggestions for me? I appreciate your time.
    Thanks,
    Amy

  17. Laura said

    Hello! This is an amazing site. I had heart surgery in 2001 for a hole and extra membrane within my atria. Physical therapy after surgery was basically breathing into this little tube to keep my lungs inflating for a month after. Well, for the last several years, I have been developing symptoms and complications which I think (and am now confirming) are related to my surgery. These included trigger points along my spine behind my heart, pain and forward rotation of my left shoulder, neck pain, tightness around my left lung, a “shift” in my chest when I bend over, and increasing scoliosis and rotation within my posture. I spoke a lot with my dad, who is an MD, about whether it was possible for scar tissue to form outside the ribcage! It seemed unbelievable. After going to my practitioner, massage therapists, physical therapists, and chiropractors with little success I am very excited to discover that gentle and consistent spinal manipulations coupled with massage and yoga are helping to break up that scar tissue, open up my lung, and allow my body to return to a more normal functioning posture. I am glad to learn that I should stick with this indefinitely in order to prevent or reduce further complications. It’s worth it! Laura

  18. Mary said

    I would like to add to this insightful
    discussion if I may- quality Pregnancy Massage
    Certification programs, which thousands of practitioners have taken, do
    offer some very well-used and common techniques for reducing C-section
    scar formation, appearance, and interior scar tissue.
    Scar massage is used in rehab clinics, as well as some massage clinics.
    Tissue alignment , along with additional natural therapeutics, some
    of which are ‘after care” methods the client may employ at home,
    are the approaches offered.
    My personal experience with this approach – (C-section scar massage
    reduction )
    as a practitioner has brought about
    amazing results – in one client, I could scarcely even locate her
    scar when asked to check on it a year after the birth. These techniques
    may also work very well with other types of external tissue scars.
    One may search for a therapist who provides this service – use childbirth
    communities in your local area, or search for local massage therapists.

  19. beth said

    I just wanted to say thanks for the info on cyofascial/craniosacral therapy. I have suffered from pain since my c-section 2 years but was told by my ob that its just scar tissue there’s nothing that can be done about it. I am happy to learn that there may be something that can help.

  20. Chronic Back Pain Relief, Back Pain Relief, Back Pain Relief Products…

    […]Craniosacral Therapy for reducing Scar Tissue Pain « Transitional Healing[…]…

  21. cherry blossom…

    […]Craniosacral Therapy for reducing Scar Tissue Pain « Transitional Healing[…]…

  22. tissue release…

    […]Craniosacral Therapy for reducing Scar Tissue Pain « Transitional Healing[…]…

  23. website said

    If you dont mind, where do you host your webpage? I am searching for a good web host and your webpage appears to be extremely fast and up almost all the time

  24. It looks to me that this web site doesnt download on a Motorola Droid. Are other people getting the same problem? I like this blog and dont want to have to skip it when Im gone from my computer.

  25. A lot of of the opinions on this site dont make sense.

  26. If you dont mind, where do you host your weblog? I am searching for a good host and your weblog seams to be quick and up most the time

  27. Have you considered including a few social bookmarking buttons to these sites. At least for flickr.

  28. anne hart said

    Just to let you know your blog looks a little bit strange in Firefox on my pc with Linux .

  29. account said

    How did you make a blog look this cool! Email me if you can and share your wisdom. .

  30. Do you might have a spam issue on this web site; I also am a blogger, and I was questioning your situation; we now have created some nice approaches and were looking to swap solutions with other people, be positive to shoot me an e-mail if planning to pursue.

  31. While I really like this post, I think there was an punctuational error near towards the end from the third sentence.

  32. I was basically curious about if you ever considered switching the design of your website? Its very well written; I really like what you have got to say. But maybe you could create a a bit more in the way of content so people might connect to it better. You have got a great deal of text for only having one or two images. Maybe you could space it out better?

  33. pretty useful material, on the whole I imagine this is worthy of a book mark, thanks

  34. Awesome post . Cheers for, posting on my blog page dude. I shall email you some time! I did not realise that!

  35. Mate. This site is sick! How do you make it look this good !?

  36. buy fridge freezer said

    Amazing article, thank you, I will bookmark you later!

  37. This is really a excellent web site, would you be interested in making time for an interview about just how you created it? If so e-mail me and my friends!

  38. This blog site has got some extremely helpful information on it! Thanks for informing me.

  39. A cool blog post there mate . Cheers for posting .

  40. Fantastic Stuff, do you have a facebook profile?

  41. Have you considered adding some videos to your article? I think it will really enhance viewers understanding.

  42. advertiser said

    Is it okay to put part of this in my personal webpage if I post a reference point to this web-site?

  43. Jesus Christ there is a great deal of spammy comments on this webpage. Have you ever before thought about attempting to get rid of them or putting in a wordpress plugin?

  44. Have you considered including a few social bookmarking buttons to these sites. At the very least for twitter.

  45. logo said

    Can you email me with any tips about how you made your blog look this cool , I would appreciate it!

  46. Have you considered adding some differing opinions to the article? I think it will really enhance viewers understanding.

  47. thumbnail said

    It looks to me that this web site doesnt download in a Motorola Droid. Are other folks getting the exact same issue? I like this site and dont want to have to miss it when Im gone from my computer.

  48. self love said

    Have you thought about adding some videos to the article? I think it will really enhance everyones understanding.

  49. Strange , your posting shows up with a dark color to it, what shade is the primary color on your web site?

  50. Jesus Christ theres a lot of spammy feedback on this webpage. Have you ever thought about trying to eliminate them or installing a plugin?

  51. I love the blog site layout . How did you make it!? Its really nice!

  52. Just to let you know your webpage appears a little bit strange in Safari on my notebook with Linux .

  53. The design for your site is a little bit off in Epiphany. Nevertheless I like your web site. I might need to use a normal browser just to enjoy it.

  54. How come you do not have your web site viewable in wap format? Can not see anything in my Droid.

  55. very beneficial stuff, in general I picture this is worthy of a book mark, thank you

  56. Hello, I just hopped over to your site through StumbleUpon. Not somthing I would usually browse, but I liked your thoughts none the less. Thank you for creating something worth browsing.

  57. I tried viewing your site on my mobile phone and the layout does not seem to be correct. Might wanna check it out on WAP as well as it seems most cell phone layouts are not really working with your website.

  58. Re: Whomever made the statement that this was a great web site really needs to get their brain examined.

  59. dog pens said

    Do youve got a spam issue on this website; I also am a blogger, and I was wondering your scenario; weve developed some great methods and were looking to swap options with other folks, be certain to shoot me an e-mail if serious.

  60. I enjoy your wordpress web template, where did you get a hold of it?

  61. wine gifts said

    I Will have to return again when my course load lets up – however I am taking your Feed so i could go through your site offline. Thanks.

  62. After I start your Rss feed it seems to be a ton of garbage, is the issue on my part?

  63. success said

    Even though I genuinely like this publish, I think there was an spelling error near to the end of the third sentence.

  64. Jesus Christ theres plenty of spammy feedback on this website. Have you ever before thought about attempting to remove them or putting in a extension?

  65. A lot of of the comments on this weblog dont make sense.

  66. If you could email me with any pointers on how you made this blog look like this , Id appreciate it!

  67. sponsor said

    Have you considered including some social bookmarking buttons to these blogs. At the very least for bebo.

  68. tableware said

    I experimented with viewing your web site on my new iphone 4 and the format does not seem to be correct. Might wanna check it out on WAP as well as it seems most cellphone layouts are not really working with your site.

  69. When I open up your Feed it appears to be a ton of nonsense, is the issue on my side?

  70. Just how many americans is served daily? Which coffee maker otherwise espresso
    machine can give your the beverage need?
    How very long truly the coffee machine ought to last? seek
    out a machine which has awesome ratings .
    I would feel extremely amazed should you decide could notice this particular Western Bend fast – Drip 10-mug coffee maker for purchase anywhere,
    however you may be ready to obtain an utilized one internet based,
    possibly on craigslist, e – Bay, otherwise Bid – Cactus.

  71. Azo Yeast is a natural, homeopathic OTC drugs which comes in the
    form of a supplement and also helps ease the symptoms of the yeast infection when
    preventing the onset of future yeast problems. you can found
    it within the intestine, in the lips and in case of women in the vagina.
    One or a mix of this particular Candida treatment and the person is subject in order to restriction of air passage in
    order to the lungs creating an asthma attack.
    Candida is actually a signs or symptoms or one illness which has for the longest period also concluded up something which
    is actually extremely persistent and also also resistant against therapy and also thus extremely
    difficult in order to battle.The only Candida treat that performs during permanent basis does not incorporate doctors
    or medications.

  72. Paving the appropriate rocks within the driveway is actually really important since it is the very first thing a visitor puts his eye through and gives the first impression.
    The providers is aimed at providing quality products at a fair price with excellent
    client service. The steeplejack needs to be competent in
    the main building areas like carpentry, bricklaying Melbourne and also tiling, however
    which is every one of the. From every one of the the men and women you came across
    create a list of possible options, bricklayers who could
    operate on your very own blockwork. Arranging many bricks are difficult to choose and also when you are going to feel the one to
    do so, you certainly will definitely consume your duration.

  73. First and foremost, your have in order to get a hold of a granting
    agency you become comfortable and also cozy working with.
    No person might be perfect, but some even practice
    perfection as part of every single thing which they choose.
    Molding is highly desired by numerous customers, and can
    make a particular region look more created. If you have got
    dependents reliant upon you with regards to their meals, shelter, clothing and also entertainment, being jobless
    is actually additionally harder.

  74. Marc Jacobs j’en fait le le modéliste célèbre which vient directement d’ tout
    neuf York, bien connu in le le monde de mode pour le la décennie, il expositions vous le sien tout neuf la collection de lunettes de soleil
    lunettes de soleil bon marché 2013. par et a moulé les cadres et les assemblées en plastique pour un avantage de
    le confort mais en plus la partie d’en le style. Here are le tout neuf les paires de carrera de lunettes de soleil directement après la 2013 collection, ils are vraiment great, rarement a vraiment vaste et a géré le série de la conception. La qualité de materials j’en fait évidemment pendant le le premier, avec
    un puissant le plastique d’acétate s’est assemblé la partie d’en Europe et les lunettes directement de le laboratoire allemand pour la vue de confort et la protection au total ULTRAVIOLET sunlight. COULEUR multinationale structures, les branches ou a teinté des lunettes, les combinaisons a tendance à être interminable et la collection continue à augmenter chaque saison summertime.

  75. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a
    very well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it
    and return to read more of your useful info.
    Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.

  76. Those in the Paleo plan frequently require to supplement any diet by way of a calcium vitamin or
    perhaps select to add dairy into a particular otherwise paleolithic arrange.
    Do not mind the fact that I would have to
    stop trying two of my favorite foods what kind of are cheese and also ice cream.
    Our bodies crave the foods on the Paleo diet because
    these tend to be the foods which you had been designed to consume.

  77. Hi! Quick question that’s entirely off topic. Do you know how to make your site
    mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when
    browsing from my apple iphone. I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to correct this problem.

    If you have any suggestions, please share. With thanks!

  78. asa said

    There is definately a lot to know about this subject.
    I really like all the points you have made.

  79. I like the helpful information you provide in your
    articles. I will bookmark your blog and check again here
    regularly. I’m quite certain I’ll learn a lot of new stuff right here!
    Good luck for the next!

  80. Ed said

    Hey! I realize this is sort of off-topic however I had to ask.

    Does building a well-established website such as yours take a large amount of
    work? I’m brand new to blogging however I do write in my diary everyday.
    I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to
    share my experience and thoughts online. Please let me know if you
    have any kind of ideas or tips for brand new aspiring blog owners.
    Appreciate it!

  81. […] https://transitionalhealing.wordpress.com/2007/03/13/craniosacral-therapy-for-reducing-scar-tissue-pa… […]

  82. How to Fix quickbooks Error

    Craniosacral Therapy for reducing Scar Tissue Pain « Transitional Healing

  83. skype cusotmer service

    Craniosacral Therapy for reducing Scar Tissue Pain « Transitional Healing

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

 
%d bloggers like this: